ELA Standards
Pre-K Kindergarten 1st Grade 2nd Grade 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade 6th Grade 7th Grade 8th Grade
Literature: Reading: Key Ideas & Details With prompting and support, asks and answers about details in a text, retells familiar stories, asks and answers questions about characters and major events in a story. With prompting and support, asks and answers questions about key details in a text, retells familiar stories with details, identifies chracters, settings, plot Asks and answers questions about key details in a text. Retells stories, including key details, and demonstrates understanding of their central message or lesson. Identifies main topic. Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. Recount culturally diverse stories to determine message, lesson, or moral. Asks and answers questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, citing evidence. Describes characters in a story, explains how actions contribute to sequence of events. Determines theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. Determine main idea and key detials. Identifies and contrasts two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text Describes how plot unfolds by citing textual evidence. Analyzes how story elements interact by citing textual evidence.
Cites the strongest textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Analyzes how an author develops and contrasts point of view in a text.
Literature: Reading: Craft & Structure Exhibits curiosity and interest in learning new vocabulary, interacts with a variety of common types of texts, describes the role of the author and illustrator Asks and answers questions about unknown words in a text. Recognizes commom types of text. Names the author and illustrator of a story; defines the role of each in telling the story. Identifies words and phrases in stories or poems that suggests feelings or appeal to the senses Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action. Determines the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in text, distinguishes literal from nonliteral. Distinguish own point of view from that of the narrator or character. Compares and contrasts the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the b/w 1st and 3rd person narrations Describes how a narrator's or speaker's point of view influences how events are described. Analyze how a particular part of a text contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator
Determines two or more central ideas in a text and analyzes their development over the course of the text; provides an objective summary of the text. Determines the theme in a text as it relates to the characters, setting, plot, and dialogue; provides an objective summary of the text. Compare and contrast different elements of text and media.
Literature:Reading: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas With prompting and support, engages in a picture walk to make connections between self, illustrations, and story. Compares and contrasts two stories relating to the same story. With prompting and support, describes relationship between illustrations and the story; compares and contrasts the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories. Knows and Uses various text features to locate key facts or information in a text By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature in the grades 2-3 complexity band proficiently. Know and use text features to locate key facts in a text. Compares and contrasts themes, setting, plot of stories written by the same author about same or similar characters. Compares and contrasts the treatment of similar themes and topics and patterns of events in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures Analyzes how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beuaty of a text. (Includes multimedia) Compare and contrast texts in different forms in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. Compares and contrasts different elements of text and media. Analyzes the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors.
Phonological Awareness Demonstrate an emerging understanding of spoken words, syllables , and sounds. Demonstrate emergent phonics and word analysis skills. Demonstrates understanding of organization and basic features of print. Demonstrates understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds. Knows and applies grade-level phonics and word analysis skills. Demonstrates understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds. Knows and applies grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. Knows and applies grade-level phonics and word-analysis skills in decoding words. Know and apply grade level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words Knows and applies grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. Uses combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, morphology Figures out the meaning of words and phrases in a story in a story and thinks about how they are used to illustrate the author's meaning. Determines the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; anayzes the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. Determines the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; anayzes the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity Actively engages in group reding activites with purpose and understanding. Actively engages in group reading activiteis with purpose and understanding With prompting and support, reads informational textx and Appropriately complex for Grade 1. By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts in the grade 2-3 band proficiently, with scaffolding as necessary. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature at the high end of the grades 2-3 text complexity independently By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently. Determines two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarizes the text. Determines an author's point of view in a text and explains how it is presented in the text. Analyzes how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. Compares and contrasts fictional and non-fictional accounts of a historical period.
Fluency: Displays emergent reading behaviors with purpose and understanding (e.g., pretend reading). Reads emergent -reader texts wirh purpose and understanding. Reads with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension Reads fluently, accurately, and with expression to support comprehension. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension Reads with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Read grade-level text, poetry, prose with purpose and understanding, accuracy, expression, and appropriate rate. Reads and understands stories, dramas, and poems at grade level and above. Analyzes how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. Reads with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension
Writing: Text Types and Purposes Uses a combination of drawing, dictating, or writing to express an opinion about a book or topic, to compose informative texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic, and to narrate a single event and provide a reaction to what happened. Uses a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces, explanatory texts, and narration in which they tell a reader the topic or name of the book they are writing about, stating an opinion, some information, or reaction to the topic. Writes opinion pieces and uses evidence to support claims. Writes informative pices and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot. Writes opinion pieces and uses evidence to support claims. Writes informative pieces and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot. Writes opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons. Writes informative pieces and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot. Writes opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons. Writes informative pieces and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot. Writes opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.Writes informative texts to examine a topic; conveys iedas and information clearly.Writes narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, details, and sequence. Writes arguments and uses evidence to support claims. Writes informative pieces and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot. Writes arguments and uses evidence to support claims. Writes informative pieces and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot. Writes arguments and uses evidence to support claims. Writes informative pieces and cites evidence to support claims. Writes narratives using descriptive details that develop a plot.
Writing: Production & Distribution of Writing With guidance and support, responds to questions and suggestions and add details to strengthen illustration or writing, as needed. Explores a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing; collaborates with peers. With guidance and support, respond to questions and suggestions from peers and add details to strenthen writing as needed; explores a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, in collaboration with peers. With Prompting and Support, reads informational textx and Appropriately complex for Grade 1. With guidance and support from adults, focus on a topic, strengthens writing as needed by revising and editing. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. With guidance and support, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editin, rewriting, or trying s new approach. Produces clear, coherent writing using a writing process.
Develops and strengthens writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. Use the internet to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources . Uses the writing process effectively.
Writing: Research to Build & Present Knowledge With guidance and support, participates in shared research and writing projects, and recalls information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. Participates in shared research and writing projects, responds to suggestions from peers, adds details to strengthen writing, explores a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing.   Participates in shared research and writing projects Recalls information fom experiences or gathers information from print and digital, take notes on sources, sort evidence into provided categories Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. Draws on several sources, and refocuses the inquiry when necessary.
Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional, related focused questions for further research and investigation Conducts short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions for further research and investigation.
Writing: Range of Writing Begins in Grade 3 Begins in Grade 3 Begins in Grade 3 Begins in Grade 3 Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purpose, audience Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences Writes routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences. Writes for various audiences and purposes. Write routinely over varied time frames and for different purposes. Writes routinely over varied time frames and for different purposes.
Speaking & Listening: Comprehension and Collaboration Participates in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about pre- kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and large groups. Asks and answers questions in order to seek help. Participates in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. Asks and answers questions in order to seek help. Participates in collaborative conversatiions with diverse partners about Grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and large groups Participates in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussion with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. Engages effectively in a range of collaborative discussions with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. Engages effectively in a range of collaborative discussion with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressin their own clearly. Summarizes a speakerŐs presentation, and evaluates point of view.Present claims and findings logically using pertinent information;adapt speech to appropriate context.
Engages effectively in a range of collaborative discussions Engages effectively in a range of collaborative discussions, building on other's ideas.
Speaking & Listening: Presentation of Knowledge & Ideas Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail. Adds drawings/visual displays to descriptions. Demonstrates an emergent ability to express thoughts, feelings and ideas. Describes familiar people, places, things and events with detail. Add drawings/visual displays to descriptions, speaks audibly to express thoughts, feelings, ideas. Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation Tells a story or recounts an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences Reports on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace. Reports on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace. Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas and themes. Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats, delineates a speakerŐs argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. Analyzes and presents the main ideas in a speaker's argument, using supportive details presented in diverse media formats. Analyzes and presents the main ideas in a speaker's arguments and motives, using supporting details presented in diverse media formats. Present claims and evidence appropriate for targeted audience, using a variety of media components.
Language: Conventions of Standard English Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking, and in capitaliztion, punctuation, and spelling. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard Engish grammar and usage when writing or speaking Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing and speaking Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing and speaking Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing and speaking Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English grammar and when writing and speaking .
Language: Knowledge of Language Uses knowledge of language and how language functions in different contexts. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing, speaking, listening. Demonstrates command of the of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Uses knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, reading, listening. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Demonstrates command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Language: Vocabulary Acquisition & Use Determines or clarifes the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on pre-kindergarten reading and content. ExploreS word relationships and nuances in word meanings. Determines or clarifies the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content. Uses words nd phrases acquired through conversations. Determines or clarifies the meaning or unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content. Determines and clarifies the meaning of unknown and multiple meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content. Acquires and uses accurately grade-appropriate conversational, academic and domain specific words and phrases. Determines and clarifies the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaing words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. Acquires and uses grade appropriate domain specific words and phrases. Acquires and uses accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain specific words and phrases; gathers vocabulary knowledge when considering a word of phrase important to comprehension or expression Acquires and uses grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gathers vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.